Which Language To Choose?

Although Kotlin is the official programming language of Android, many other languages can be used for Android app development. Details are provided below so that you can make an informed decision.

Which Language To Choose_

1. Java

programming languages Java was initially the official language for developing Android applications (but has since been replaced by Kotlin) and is also the most widely use language. Many apps in the Play Store are designed using Java, and it is also the language most commonly supported by Google. Plus, Java has a great online community to help you with any issues (and trust me, there will be issues!).

However, Java is a complicated language for beginners because it has complex topics like constructors, null pointer exceptions, parallelism, checked exceptions, etc. Additionally, the Android SDK takes complexity to a new level.

Overall, Java is a countless language to experience all the joys of Android app development. However, it can be tricky for novices who prefer to start with something more manageable and return.

2. Kotlin

Kotlin is now the official language for Android application development, which Google has declared since 2019. It is a cross-platform programming language that can be used as an alternative to Java for Android application development. programming languages It was also introduced as a minor “official” Java language in 2017. Kotlin can interact with Java and runs in the Java Virtual Machine.

The only significant difference is that Kotlin removes redundant Java features like null pointer exceptions. It also eliminates the need to end each line with a semicolon. In short, Kotlin is much easier for beginners to test compared to Java and can also be use as an “entry point” for Android application development.

3.C ++

C ++ can be use for Android application development with the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). However, an application cannot be built entirely in C ++, and the NDK is use to implement parts of the application in native C ++ code. This allows the C ++ code libraries for the application to be use as needed.

While C ++ is useful for developing Android applications in some cases, it is much more challenging to configure and less flexible. It can also lead to more errors due to the increased complexity. Hence, it is better to use Java over C ++ because it does not offer enough profit to make up for the effort required.

4. C#

C # is very similar to Java, creating it ideal for developing Android applications. Like Java, C # implements garbage collection, so memory leaks are less risky. And C # also has a domestic and simpler syntax than Java, making coding relatively easier.

Until now, the main drawback of C # was that it could only run on Windows systems because it uses the .NET Framework. However, Xamarin. Android (formerly Mono for Android) is a cross-platform implementation of the Common Language Infrastructure

5. Python

Python can remain used for Android application development, although Android does not support native Python development. It can be done using various tools that convert Python apps to Android packages run on Android devices.

One example is Kivy, an open-source Python library for developing mobile applications. It’s compatible with Android and encourages rapid app development (which is a win-win situation, in my opinion!). One downside, however, remains that there are no native advantages for Kivy as it is not natively support.

6. HTML, CSS, Javascript

Android applications can be create using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript using Apache Cordova’s Adobe Phone Gap framework. The Phone Gap framework essentially allows web development skills to build hybrid applications displayed through “WebView” but packaged as an application.

The Adobe Phone Gap framework is sufficient for basic tasks in ​​Android application development, but it hardly requires more programming than JavaScript. And since it takes a lot of work even to create a decent app, the other languages ​​on this list are best used if you want to call yourself an actual Android developer.

7. dart

Ignoring darts as a programming language in today’s context would mean missing the gorilla in the room (because the elephant is Java). Dart is an open-source programming language compatible with the Flutter framework that is attracting a lot of interest these days for its ability to deliver a beautiful and powerful application for the web, desktop, and mobile devices in less time. Dart’s main selling point is that Google developed it as a client-optimized language for fast applications on any platform. Dart’s primary focus is to simplify user interface development for developers with features like Hot Reload to see changes instantly while working on the application. Dart remains known for its fast performance, compiling into ARM and x64 machine code for mobile devices, desktops, and backends. And JavaScript for web applications.


Corona is a software development kit that canister develop Android applications using Lua. It has two modes of operation, namely Corona Simulator and Corona Native. Corona Simulator is use to create applications directly, while Corona Native is use to embedding Lua code in an Android Studio project to make an application with native functionality.

While Lua is somewhat limit compare to Java, it is simpler and has a more straightforward learning curve. Additionally, there are built-in monetization features and various assets and plug-ins that enrich the app development experience. Corona is primarily use for creating graphics applications and games but is limited to that.


programming languages many applications like chat messenger, music player, games, calculator, etc., can be create with the languages ​​mention above. And no language can be call the “correct language” for Android application development. Therefore, it is up to you to choose the correct language for each project according to your goals and preferences. And always remember that what you choose will only expand your skills and grow as an Android developer.

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